- The patient has weak bladder muscles that prevent the bladder from completely emptying. Because the bladder never completely empties it can fill beyond its capacity. This in turn results in overflow incontinence.
- The patient has a blockage that has occurred. This is especially common in men who are experiencing overflow incontinence. This is mostly likely the result of having an enlarged prostate gland. The blockage does not allow the bladder to fully empty, causing it to overfill. The resulting pressure causes urine leakage.
- The patient has a narrow bladder neck or urethra. This can have occurred naturally or be the result of previous abdominal or bladder surgery.
- The patient may have stones in the urinary tract.
- The patient may be experiencing constipation which in turn puts pressure on the neck of the bladder and the urethra.
- That patient may have nerve damage from certain diseases. This is especially common if the patient has diabetes.
- The patient may be taking medications that negatively paralyze the bladder as a side effect.
The bottom line is that if you are experiencing any symptoms of incontinence you should immediately seek out a medical evaluation. Your doctor may want you to keep a log that details what you eat and drink in addition, to keeping a record of your toileting habits and incontinence accidents. Your doctor will also want to take a detailed medical history. This will help him or her determine both the cause of the incontinence and the most appropriate treatment.
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